Dr Elizabeth Loftus explains to Eve Ash that eyewitness testimony can muddy the legal waters. In a New York study on 300 cases of wrongful conviction, more than three quarters were jailed because a witness's faulty memory. The problem is compounded when an eyewitness is confident, compelling and detailed about what s/he saw, but it never actually happened.
An eyewitness to a crime is not necessarily a godsend because:
- Their memory might be faulty
- A confident witness who is wrong is more likely to be believed
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