Dr Elizabeth Loftus shares with Eve Ash the tragic 1981 wrongful conviction and eventual death of Steve Titus. He was misidentified by a rape victim, whose confidence increased by the time of the trial. From tentatively identifying his photo, she became positive, possibly owing to encouragement by police. Like memory, confidence, says Loftus, is malleable. There is a strong case for people conducting photo lineups to not know who the suspect is.
Steve Titus was convicted and jailed for rape, despite his innocence pleas:
- The victim tentatively identified his photo
- Her confidence had increased by the trial (possibly because she'd been given positive feedback or had been "cued")
- Despite the case later being overturned, Titus was traumatized and died of a heart attack when suing for wrongful conviction
Only preview versions of handouts can be viewed without a license.